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Puce Nemera Mamo

mardi 19 juin 2018

Natural Resources and Political Patronage in Africa: An Ethnicit Level Analysis

Abstract : We investigate the effect of resource discoveries on ethnicity level political patronage in Africa using a large geospatial dataset of more than 250 ethnic groups in 15 countries over the period 1960 to 2004. We find that the first (or single first) resource discovery in a virgin ethnic homeland increases the share of cabinet posts of that ethnicity. The effect is induced by both expectations and rent. Overall the effect is mainly driven by major mineral discoveries as opposed to oil and gas. The discovery shocks do not trigger monopoly or dominant access to power, autonomy, separatism, and exclusion. Our analysis reveals that point source resource (mineral) rents are far more important political currency than diffuse agricultural commodity rents. Furthermore, by ranking ministries into top and low levels we find some evidence of window dressing politics.

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